Health and Fitness

American Academy of Pediatrics Releases Second List of Commonly Used Tests and Treatments to Question

Elk Grove Village, IL—(ENEWSPF)–March 17, 2014. The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) today released a list of specific tests or procedures that are commonly ordered but not always necessary in the care of children as part of Choosing Wisely®, an initiative of the ABIM Foundation. The list identifies five targeted, evidence-based recommendations that can support conversations between patients and physicians about what care is really necessary. This is the second Choosing Wisely® list from the AAP.

The new AAP list identifies the following five recommendations:

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  1. Don’t prescribe high-dose dexamethasone (0.5mg/kg per day) for the prevention or treatment of bronchopulmonary dysplasia in the pre-term infant.  
  2. Don’t perform screening panels for food allergies without previous consideration of medical history.
  3. Avoid using acid blockers and motility agents such as metoclopramide (generic) for physiologic gastroesophageal reflux (GER) that is effortless, painless, and not affecting growth.  Do not use medication in the so-called “happy-spitter.”
  4. Avoid the use of surveillance cultures for the screening and treatment of asymptomatic bacteruria.
  5. Infant home apnea monitors should not be routinely used to prevent Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS.)

The AAP Choosing Wisely list was developed after months of careful consideration and review, using the most current evidence about management and treatment options. The full list gives more detail as to the reasons for taking a closer look at each test or treatment, and cites evidence related to each recommendation.

AAP President James M. Perrin, MD, FAAP, said, “The AAP strongly supports partnerships and tools that improve the quality of care for patients. Pediatricians want the best possible tests and treatments for their patients, and they want them to be used appropriately. This is particularly important when treating children, because they are still growing and developing.”

Today the AAP also launches its online learning module for two items on its first list that was released in February 2013, which helps pediatricians with conversations about appropriate use of antibiotics and when to order CT scans for minor head injuries.

To date, nearly 100 national and state medical specialty societies, regional health collaboratives and consumer partners have joined the conversations about appropriate care. With the release of these new lists, the campaign will have covered more than 250 tests and procedures that the specialty society partners say are overused and inappropriate, and that physicians and patients should discuss.

According to Dr. Perrin, “Programs that help physicians and patients communicate are important for quality care. The Choosing Wisely campaign helps that conversation.”

The campaign also continues to reach millions of consumers nationwide through a stable of consumer and advocacy partners, led by Consumer Reports—the world’s largest independent product-testing organization—which has worked with the ABIM Foundation to distribute patient-friendly resources for consumers and physicians to engage in these important conversations. Choosing Wisely consumer partners include:

Alliance Health Networks
Midwest Business Group on Health
Minnesota Health Action Group
National Business Coalition on Health
National Business Group on Health
National Center for Farmworker Health
National Hospice and Palliative Care Organization
National Partnership for Women & Families
Pacific Business Group on Health
The Leapfrog Group
Union Plus

To learn more about Choosing Wisely and to view the complete lists and additional detail about the recommendations and evidence supporting them, visit


The American Academy of Pediatrics is an organization of 62,000 primary care pediatricians, pediatric medical subspecialists and pediatric surgical specialists dedicated to the health, safety and well-being of infants, children, adolescents and young adults. For more information, visit

About the ABIM Foundation

The mission of the ABIM Foundation is to advance medical professionalism to improve the health care system. We achieve this by collaborating with physicians and physician leaders, medical trainees, health care delivery systems, payers, policy makers, consumer organizations and patients to foster a shared understanding of professionalism and how they can adopt the tenets of professionalism in practice. To learn more about the ABIM Foundation, visit, read our blog, connect with us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter.

About Choosing Wisely®

First announced in December 2011, Choosing Wisely® is part of a multi-year effort led by the ABIM Foundation to support and engage physicians in being better stewards of finite health care resources. Participating specialty societies are working with the ABIM Foundation and Consumer Reports to share the lists widely with their members and convene discussions about the physician’s role in helping patients make wise choices. Learn more at



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